walvisstrandingen_nl

最新版本 由 Naturalis Biodiversity Center 發佈於 Jul 17, 2020 Naturalis Biodiversity Center

The database of stranded cetaceans in The Netherlands contains of records of whales, dolphins and porpoises, order Cetacea. All records concern strandings of single individuals (there are four exceptions: one of 3-6 sperm whales and three of 11-61 long-finned pilot whales). The electronic database was compiled from published records on strandings (see Literature) gathered since 1914 and is supplemented with data on a regular basis. It contains all records that have been presented to the respective managers of the database, and was started by A.B. van Deinse. Van Deinse and successors have added strandings from before 1914 as well and the oldest record thus far is a sperm whale stranded in 1255.

Anno 2020, the database contains over 12,500 unique records of 26 species (among which five subfossil records of the nowadays extinct Atlantic population of grey whale Eschrichtius robustus and a few dozens of unidentified specimens). The database is considered to be fairly complete since 1914 regarding species other than harbour porpoise Phocoena phocoena. Of the latter, records are up to date only since 1971. Harbour porpoise has always been resident species in Dutch waters and it was considered too common by Van Deinse – and records were too numerous – to collect data of stranded individuals until the late 1950s, when numbers were dwindling. Hence, records prior to 1971 are very incomplete, although records from the past are are added ad hoc.

Nowadays, the database is updated at least once a week, and records are validated before they are entered. Individual records contain the Dutch and scientific name as far as animals can be identified (in several cases, stranded individuals have been identified only down to 'group' (e.g. 'small whale'). Identifications may be adjusted if new information becomes available. Included with every single record, apart from species name, are date and location of stranding, sex, length, state of carcass, storage of remains, autopsied or not, references, photographs, and name of finder/reporter, if appropriate. As of 1 January 2006 the database is freely accessible at www.walvisstrandingen.nl and managed by Naturalis Biodiversity Center in Leiden, The Netherlands. With the publication of the www.walvisstrandingen.nl-dataset with GBIF, all data concerning Dutch strandings are better searchable and the full set, or a selection, can be downloaded. However, it is recommended to contact Naturalis if the data are used for research.

Data Records

The data in this 出現紀錄 resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 12,563 records. 1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Occurrence (核心)
    12563
  • MeasurementOrFact 
    7595

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

下載

下載最新版本的Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A)資源,或資源元數據的EML或RTF文字檔。

DwC-A資料集 下載 12,563 紀錄 在 Dutch 中 (649 KB) - Update frequency: 有可能更新,但不確知何時
元數據EML檔 下載 在 English 中 (11 KB)
元數據RTF文字檔 下載 在 English 中 (10 KB)

版本

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

Rights

研究者應尊重以下權利聲明。:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Naturalis Biodiversity Center. To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF 註冊

此資源已向GBIF註冊,並指定以下之GBIF UUID: 66e240a7-ae35-4f59-9ad9-c62687015ed8。  Naturalis Biodiversity Center 發佈此資源,並經由Netherlands Biodiversity Information Facility同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。

關鍵字

Occurrence

聯絡資訊

資源建立者:

Guido Keijl
Naturalis Biodiversity Center PO Box 9517 NL-2300 RA Leiden NL +31.71.7519600
https://www.walvisstrandingen.nl/
Jeroen Creuwels
Data manager
NLBIF PO Box 9517 NL-2300 RA Leiden NL +31.71.7519362
http://www.nlbif.nl

可回覆此資源相關問題者:

Guido Keijl
Naturalis Biodiversity Center PO Box 9517 NL-2300 RA Leiden NL +31.71.7519600
https://www.walvisstrandingen.nl/

元數據填寫者:

Guido Keijl
Naturalis Biodiversity Center PO Box 9517 NL-2300 RA Leiden NL +31.71.7519600
https://www.walvisstrandingen.nl/

與此資源的相關者:

處理者
Niels Raes
Node manager
NLBIF PO Box 9517 NL-2300 RA Leiden NL +31.71.7519632
https://www.nlbif.nl

地理涵蓋範圍

The Netherlands excluding the overseas areas (Caribbean islands)

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [50.709, 3.274], 緯度北界 經度東界 [53.606, 7.306]

時間涵蓋範圍

彙整期間 1200-present

計畫資料

無相關描述

計畫名稱 Walvisstrandingen.nl
研究設計描述 Historical records are (have been) taken from publications, unpublished reports (e.g. letters, manuscripts, diaries), zoological collections, paintings, photographs et cetera. Records of cetaceans that strand nowadays are collected by oral or written reports received ad hoc by people visiting the coast. Records reported to other public websites are copied. Vital in keeping records updated is the network of voluntary co-workers that visit the beach. This network has been erected and is maintained by Seal Centre Pieterburen. Important in validating length and sex of a subset of cetaceans (i.e. the ones collected for research on the cause of death) is cooperation with the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Pathobiology of Utrecht University. All records of any sign of a stranded cetacean, also live strandings, carcasses of cetaceans brought in on the bulb of cargo ships, or loose skulls and bones, are included. Records of live sightings of cetaceans not stranded are not included. The database is updated at least once a week. Quality control. Individual records are assessed and validated by the database manager, preferably on basis of photographs. In case of doubt, observers are contacted by e-mail or telephone and asked for photographs and/or description.

The personnel involved in the project:

典藏經理
Guido Keijl

引用文獻

  1. Camphuysen C.J., C. Smeenk, M. Addink, H. van Grouw & O.E. Jansen 2008. Cetaceans stranded in the Netherlands from 1998 to 2007. Lutra 51: 87-122.
  2. Husson A.M. & P.J.H. van Bree 1972. Strandingen van Cetacea op de Nederlandse kust in 1970 en 1971. Lutra 14: 1-4.
  3. Keijl G.O., L. Begeman, S. Hiemstra, L.L. IJsseldijk, P. Kamminga & Seal Centre Pieterburen 2016. Cetaceans stranded in the Netherlands in 2008-2014. Lutra 59: 75-107.
  4. Smeenk C. 1986. Strandingen van cetacea op de Nederlandse kust in 1981, 1982 en 1983. Lutra 29: 268-281.
  5. van Bree P.J.H. 1978. Strandingen van cetacea op de Nederlandse kust in 1976 en 1977. Lutra 20: 13-18.
  6. van Deinse A.B. 1915. Over de vinvissen die in de maand november 1914 aan onze kust aanspoelden. De Levende Natuur 19: 421-430.
  7. van Deinse A.B. 1931. De fossiele en recente cetacea van Nederland. Dissertatie, Utrecht.

額外的元數據

替代的識別碼 66e240a7-ae35-4f59-9ad9-c62687015ed8
http://ipt.nlbif.nl/resource?r=walvisstrandingen_nl