University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo pollen reference collection

Latest version published by University of Amsterdam / IBED on Aug 14, 2017 University of Amsterdam / IBED
Publication date:
14 August 2017
CC-BY 4.0

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Pollen samples from Páramo plants collected by A.M. Cleef and from various herbaria. The collection is used as a reference collection for palynological research.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1,719 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


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Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is University of Amsterdam / IBED. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 1edaeec2-9fdf-48d2-a459-2bb8635e9aba.  University of Amsterdam / IBED publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Netherlands Biodiversity Information Facility.


Páramo; Paramo; South America; Latin America; Andes; Northern Andes; Colombia; Pollen; Spores; Ecology; Palynology; Occurrence; Specimen


Henry Hooghiemstra
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
  • Principal Investigator
University of Amsterdam
P.O. Box 94248
NL-1090 GE Amsterdam
+31 20 525785
A. Lyaruu
  • Metadata Provider
  • Processor
University of Amsterdam
P.O. Box 94248
NL-1090 GE Amsterdam
Henk de Vries
  • Publisher
Node Manager
P.O. Box 9517
NL-2300 AA Leiden
A.M. Cleef
  • Originator
University of Amsterdam
A.L. Philip
  • Processor
University of Amsterdam
P.O. Box 94248
NL-1090 GE Amsterdam
+31 20 5257844

Geographic Coverage

Andean South America, Costa Rica, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru. (>3000m)

Bounding Coordinates South West [-53.04, -85.24], North East [12.29, -61.93]

Taxonomic Coverage

List of Vascular families according to Luteyn (1999)

Family Acanthaceae, Actinidiaceae, Adiantaceae, Alstroemeriaceae, Apiaceae, Apocynaceae, Araliaceae, Aspleniaceae, Bartramiaceae, Begoniaceae, Berberidaceae, Bignoniaceae, Blechnaceae, Boraginaceae, Brassicaceae, Bromeliaceae, Cactaceae, Calceolariaceae, Campanulaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Chloranthaceae, Cleomaceae, Clethraceae, Clusiaceae, Columelliaceae, Compositae, Convolvulaceae, Coriariaceae, Crassulaceae, Cunoniaceae, Cyatheaceae, Cyperaceae, Dennstaedtiaceae, Dicksoniaceae, Dicranaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Dryopteridaceae, Ebenaceae, Elaeocarpaceae, Equisetaceae, Ericaceae, Eriocaulaceae, Escalloniaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Gentianaceae, Gesneriaceae, Grammitidaceae, Grossulariaceae, Haloragaceae, Hymenophyllaceae, Hypericaceae, Iridaceae, Isoetaceae, Juncaceae, Lamiaceae, Lauraceae, Leguminosae, Lentibulariaceae, Loganiaceae, Lomariopsidaceae, Loranthaceae, Lycopodiaceae, Lythraceae, Malvaceae, Melanthiaceae, Melastomataceae, Myricaceae, Myrtaceae, Onagraceae, Ophioglossaceae, Orchidaceae, Oxalidaceae, Papaveraceae, Pentaphylacaceae, Phyllanthaceae, Phytolaccaceae, Piperaceae, Plagiogyriaceae, Plantaginaceae, Poaceae, Podocarpaceae, Polygalaceae, Polygonaceae, Polypodiaceae, Portulacaceae, Potamogetonaceae, Primulaceae, Proteaceae, Ranunculaceae, Rosaceae, Rubiaceae, Salicaceae, Santalaceae, Sapindaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Solanaceae, Symplocaceae, Thelypteridaceae, Thymelaeaceae, Urticaceae, Verbenaceae, Violaceae, Vittariaceae, Winteraceae, Woodsiaceae, Xanthorrhoeaceae, Xyridaceae, Gunneraceae, Amaranthaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Aquifoliaceae, Araceae, Balanophoraceae, Brunelliaceae, Ephedraceae, Garryaceae, Geraniaceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Juncaginaceae, Montiaceae, Orobanchaceae, Phrymaceae, Styracaceae

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1903-01-01 / 2013-03-18

Project Data

No Description available

Title Páramo pollen reference collection
Funding NWO (NL), WOTRO (NL), UvA/IBED (NL)
Study Area Description Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Costa Rica
Design Description genera according to Luteyn (1999)

The personnel involved in the project:

A. M. Cleef
  • Content Provider

Sampling Methods

checklist by Luteyn (1999) has been followed

Study Extent páramo occurs between ~200 m and ~ 4500 m elevation
Quality Control scientific names are validated against The Plantlist (, Tropicos (, IPNI (

Method step description:

  1. n/a

Collection Data

Collection Name Páramo pollen reference collection
Collection Identifier NA
Parent Collection Identifier NA
Specimen preservation methods Microscopic preparation

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Hooghiemstra H. 1983 Pollen morphology of the Plantago species of the Colombian Andes and its application to fossil material. Rev. Acad. Colom. Cien. Exact. Fis. Nat. 15. (58): 41-65. Plantaginaceae, Pollen (PMBD, 185704426).
  2. MURILLO,M.T. & BLESS,M.J.M. (1974) Spores of recent Colombian Pteridophyta I. Trilete Spores. Review Paleobotany Palynology 18, 223-269. ISSN 0034-6667
  3. MURILLO,M.T. & BLESS,M.J.M. (1978) Spores of recent colombian Pteridophyta II. Monolete Spores. Review Paleobotany Palynology 25, 29-35. ISSN 0034-6667
  4. Smit, A., 1978. Pollen morphology of Polylepis boyacensis Cuatrecasas, Acaena cylindristachya Ruiz et Pavon and Acaena elongata L. (Rosaceae) and its application to fossil material. Smit, A. Review Paleobotany Palynology 25 393-398. ISSN 0034-6667
  5. Van der Hammen T., Cleef, A.M., 1978 Pollenmorphology of Lysipomia H.B.K. and Rhizocephalum Wedd. (Campanulaceae) and the revision of the pollen determination "Valeriana" stenophylla Killip. Review Paleobotany Palynology 25. 367 - 376 - illus. (Sp) Palynology. Geog=4 Systematics: ANGIOSPERMAE (CAMPANULACEAE: RHIZOCEPHALUM) (KR, 197801452). ISSN 0034-6667
  6. Hoorn, C, Wesselingh, F.P., Ter Steege, H., Bermudez, M.A., Mora, A., Sevink, J., Sanmartin, I., Sanchez-Meseguer, A., Anderson, C.L., Figueiredo, J.P., Jaramillo, C., Riff, D., Negri, F.R., Hooghiemstra, H., Lundberg, J., Stadler, T., Sarkinen, T., Antonelli, A., 2010. Amazonia through Ttme: Andean uplift, climate Change, Landscape Evolution, and Biodiversity Science 330, 927-931. ISSN: 0036-8075
  7. HOOGHIEMSTRA, H., 1984. Vegetational and climatic history of the high plain of Bogotá, Colombia. Dissertationes Botanicae 79, 368 pp. Cramer, Vaduz. ISBN10 3768214044

Additional Metadata

Original microscope slides are located at the University of Amsterdam, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, Science Park 904, 1098 SM Amsterdam.

Purpose Identification of fossil pollen grains to support reconstructions of environmental change, climatic change, and human impact on landscapes
Alternative Identifiers 1edaeec2-9fdf-48d2-a459-2bb8635e9aba