University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo Vegetation Research, Bordoncillo - Nariño, Colombia

Latest version published by University of Amsterdam / IBED on 16 March 2022 University of Amsterdam / IBED
Publication date:
16 March 2022
CC-BY 4.0

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The Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) from University of Amsterdam (UvA) has been working on the Paramos of Colombia since 1970, collecting information on different aspects of plant ecology. The Bordoncillo dataset is generated from a part of a study from Orlando Rangel, done in 1987 about the paramo vegetation of the volcanos of the Nariño province. The vegetation in Bordoncillo groups shrubs with plant rosettes (frailejonal) of the Ugno myricoides-Espeletetium hartwegianae association. This is a small data set which provides information on the occurrence and location of 51 plant species from the Paramo in this area. For the purpose of the GBIF data-publishing, vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 51 records.

1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

Occurrence (core)

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Rangel-Ch., O and Ariza N. C. 2000. La vegetacion paramuna de los volcanes de Narino in Colombia Diversidad Biotica III, la región de Vida paramuna de Colombia. Rangel-Ch. J.O. 2000. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Editorial Unibiblios. Bogotá, Colombia.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is University of Amsterdam / IBED. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: b5fcea14-86cc-4b97-a0d1-eb604d56ad84.  University of Amsterdam / IBED publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Netherlands Biodiversity Information Facility.


Colombia Andean Paramos Bordoncillo Paramo Volcanos Páramo vegetation Altitude Réleve method Braun-Blanquet method Conservation Vegation alliances; Occurrence; Observation; Occurrence


Antoine M. Cleef
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
University of Amsterdam
Science Park 904
NL-1098HX Amsterdam
Paola Reyes
  • Metadata Provider
Research Assistent
NLBIF, IBED, University of Amsterdam
Science Park 904
NL-1098HX Amsterdam
Niels Raes
  • Processor
Node Manager
PO Box 9517
NL-2300 RA Leiden
Jeroen Creuwels
  • Programmer
Data manager
PO Box 9517
NL-2300 RA Leiden

Geographic Coverage

The Bordoncillo Paramo is located in the south of Colombia in the border between the provinces of nariño and Putumayo. Is one of the paramos of the Colombian Massif (Macizo Colombiano)and is part of the Andean - Amazon corridor Páramo de Bordoncillo – Lago de la Cocha – Cerro Patascoy. In this paramo is the source of several rivers, flowing to the Amazon (San Pedro, Putumayo and Guamuéz rivers) and to the Pacific (Juanambú, Rundayaco, Buesaquillo and Pasto rivers). The altitudinal range of the Bordoncillo paramo is from 3000m.a.s.l up to 3600m.a.s.l. including the middle and subparamo biomas. The data for this study were collected at 3200m.a.s.l.

Bounding Coordinates South West [1.18, -77.16], North East [1.22, -77.07]

Taxonomic Coverage

All plants identified to species level. Vegetation including phanerogams, bryophytes and lichens.

Kingdom Plantae (Phanerogams), Plantae (Bryophytes), Fungi (Lichens)

Temporal Coverage

Start Date 1987-01-01

Project Data

No Description available

Title Colombia diversidad biotica III. Chapter: La vegetación paramuna de los volcanes de Nariño
Funding Universidad Nacional de Colombia (UN) Instituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN), Colombia Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (IAvH), Colombia
Study Area Description The Bordoncillo Paramo is located in the south of Colombia in the border between the provinces of nariño and Putumayo. At the time of the study still an inventory of the paramos was not complete and the study was needed to get tools to understand the ecology, biogeography and natural history of the paramo.
Design Description The inventory of vegetation community was based in the Braun-Blanquet method (1979). The software TWINSPAN was used to classify and organize the releves and validated by the method of Szafer & Pawloski 1934 (also used by Braun-Blanque, 1979)

The personnel involved in the project:

Orlando Rangel
  • Author

Sampling Methods

The vegetation sampling was done by the relevé method following the Braun-Blanquet principles. The relevé is a list of the plants in a delimited plot of vegetation, with information on species cover and on substrate and other abiotic features in the plot to make as complete as possible description in terms of community composition. The community vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.

Study Extent The study was done in the Volcanos of Nariño but the data set includes only the data from Bordoncillo Paramo and it was collected in 1987.
Quality Control Only 3 releves were recorded for this area and consisted of a species list with its cover, date, location, altitude, slope. The data remained only in a publication done in the year 2000, and it was digitized in 2011, with the financial suppport of NLBIF using the software TurboVeg version 2.98. TurboVeg is a software design for this type of vegetation information and then exported from community data into species occurrence data. The data stored in TurboVeg was checked to identify errors in the information or gaps needed to be filled. The two main fields identified to be checked/completed were the georeference data and the validation of the taxonomy of each species. Also the gaps in terms of the precision of the georeference data were filled.

Method step description:

  1. Releve data was stored in the software TurboVeg and then exported into species occurrence data. The species list used in TurboVeg was checked by an expert to confirm the valid taxonomy (taking into account taxonomy changes, synonyms, etc)(Guido van Reenen, paramo species list). This list was cross-checked with The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/), for the period July 2011 until February 2013 (during this time frame the names where the accepted). The original georeference data was completed with a precision of the georeference data and specific habitat indication. The georeference data was completed using Google maps taking into account the altitud data to complete de precision. The precision original values where in Km, this where then converted to meters in order to meet the DarwinCore Archive requirements when exporting the data.

Additional Metadata

Purpose Purpose 1: Data in TurboVeg Purpose 2: data converted to species occurrence. Data repatriation to Colombia to be used in actual research.
Alternative Identifiers b5fcea14-86cc-4b97-a0d1-eb604d56ad84