Research was led by Dr. Antoine M. Cleef from University of Amsterdam and Dr. Adelaida Chaverri Polini from National University of Costa Rica. The authors studied the phytosociology and phytogeography at the National Park Chirripó, located in the Talamanca mountain range. The project aimed to know the páramo communities of Central America, as the first approach to protect this ecosystem in Costa Rica. The study provide information on the occurrence and location of 724 plant species from the Paramo in this area collected in 45 releves. For the purpose of the GBIF data-publishing, vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.
The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 724 records.
1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
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The publisher and rights holder of this work is University of Amsterdam / IBED. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.
This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 4a837446-cdcd-411b-8d51-5b8184890bcc. University of Amsterdam / IBED publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Netherlands Biodiversity Information Facility.
Paramo Central America Costa Rica Talamanca Cordillera Chirripo National Park Páramo vegetation Altitude Altitudinal zonation Réleve method Braun-Blanquet method Conservation Diversity; Occurrence; Observation; Occurrence
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The Talamanca cordillera ranges from 900m to 3819m above sea level. Is located between the south of Costa Rica and northwest of Panamá. Many protected areas conserve lowland forest, mountain forest and páramo. The biggest extension of páramo in Costa Rica is found at National Park Chirripó, estimated at 60km. The national park is established since 1975. Páramo vegetation can be distinguished in subpáramo and grass páramo, and ranges from 3100 to 3800 meters above sea level.
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [8.62, -84.03], North East [9.83, -82.1]|
All plants identified to species level. Vegetation including phanerogams, bryophytes and lichens.
|Kingdom||Plantae (Phanerogams), Plantae (Bryophytes), Fungi (Lichens)|
No Description available
|Title||Phytosociology and phytogeography at the National Park Chirripó, Talamanca mountain range, Costa Rica.|
|Study Area Description||Chirripo National Park, Costa Rica.|
|Design Description||The data collected describes the coverture (in percentage) of vascular plant species, mosses, and lichens following the Braun-Blanquet methodology (1979) with some modifications proposed by Cleef (1981) to study tropical alpine vegetation. Each plot includes information about altitude, slope, exposition, percentage of bare soil and some remarks about human influence. The identification of plant species were made by a group of experts from different institutions (J. Cuatrecasas, Luis Gomez, Jorge Gómez, Rob Gradstein, Maria Morales, Harrie Sipman, Guido van Reenen, Kerry Barringer).|
The personnel involved in the project:
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The data collected describes the cover (in percentage) of vascular plant species, mosses, and lichens following the Braun-Blanquet methodology (1979) with some modifications proposed by Cleef (1981) to study tropical alpine vegetation. Each plot includes information about altitude, slope, exposition, percentage of bare soil and some remarks about human influence. The community vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data. The identification of plant species were made by a group of experts from different institutions (J. Cuatrecasas, Luis Gomez, Jorge Gómez, Rob Gradstein, Maria Morales, Harrie Sipman, Guido van Reenen, Kerry Barringer). In order to check the taxonomic identity of the species, we used the databases: The Plant List ( www.theplantlist.org) and Tropicos (www.tropicos.org).
|Study Extent||National Park Chirripo in Costa Rica. Covering an altitudinal range between 2720m.a.s.l. up to 3815m.a.s.l. Data collected in 1983.|
|Quality Control||The data stored in TurboVeg was checked to identify errors in the information or gaps needed to be filled. The two main fields identified to be checked/completed were the georeference data (including precision) and the validation of the taxonomy of each species. The georeference information still needs to be completed.|
Method step description:
- Releve data was stored in the software TurboVeg and then exported into species occurrence data. In order to check the taxonomic identity of the species, we used the databases: The Plant List (www.theplantlist.org) and Tropicos (www.tropicos.org). The species list used in TurboVeg was checked by an expert to confirm the valid taxonomy (taking into account taxonomy changes, synonyms, etc)(Guido van Reenen, paramo species list). This list was cross-checked with The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/), for the period July 2011 until February 2013 (during this time frame the names where the accepted). All records are still lacking a georeference with its precision estimation. Also the specific habitat indication needs to be done.
|Purpose||Purpose 1: Data in TurboVeg Purpose 2: data converted to species occurrence. Data repatriation to Colombia to be used in actual research.|