The Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) from University of Amsterdam (UvA) has been working on the Paramos of Colombia since 1970, collecting information on different aspects of plant ecology. The data source is the field data from professor Antoine Cleef (collected in one field campaign in 1978) as part of his PhD thesis, finished in 1981. The study provides information on the occurrence and location of 90 plant species from the Paramo in this area. For the purpose of the GBIF data-publishing, vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.
The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 90 records.
1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Cleef. A.M. 1981. The vegetation of the paramos of the Colombian Cordillera Oriental. PhD Thesis. State University of Utrecht. 320pp. Also published as Dissertationes Botanicae, Baud 61, J. Cramer, Vadyz and "The Cuaternary of Colombia", Vol.9.
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is University of Amsterdam / IBED. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.
This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 3953ab4f-958f-4943-8608-ca5da345447c. University of Amsterdam / IBED publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Netherlands Biodiversity Information Facility.
Colombia Andean Paramos Eastern cordillera Sabana de Bogotá Páramo vegetation Altitude Réleve method Braun-Blanquet method Conservation; Occurrence; Observation; Occurrence
- Originator ●
- Point Of Contact
- Metadata Provider
The paramo area is located in the "Sabana de Bogota" which is a plain or a high plateau located in the center of Colombia on the eastern cordillera of the Colombian Andes. The paramo is located close by the Chia municipality in de Cundinamarca province. The average altitude of the plateau is 2600m.a.s.l. and the dataset covers an altitudinal range from 2720m.a.s.l. up to 2950m.a.s.l.
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [4.52, -74.33], North East [5.22, -73.58]|
All plants identified to species level. Vegetation including phanerogams, bryophytes and lichens
|Kingdom||Plantae (Phanerogams), Plantae (Bryophytes), Fungi (Lichens)|
No Description available
|Title||Field data from Antoine Cleef as part of his PhD study.|
|Funding||Institute of Systematic Botany at Utrecht University. Hugo de Vries Laboratoty at Institude for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics - IBED The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research-NWO, with the Netherlands Foundation for the Advancement of Tropical Research-WOTRO|
|Study Area Description||The paramo locality for this data set is located in the Chia municipality in the Sabana de Bogotá (eastern cordillera) on the southern part of a larger plateau called Altiplano Cundiboyacense which is the largest plateau in the Colombian Andes.|
|Design Description||The method used for paramo vegetation sampling was based on the Braun-Blanquet or Zürich-Montpellier schools which take the relevé as the main sampling unit. The Braun-Blanquet method is based on dominant species that are grouped in associations and then at a higher level in alliances. This is the standard methodology used in Europe, South Africa, United States, Japan and in the world in general. One of the final goals of the methodology mainly in Europe is to get to nature conservation, which is also the goal in the Colombian paramos.|
The personnel involved in the project:
The vegetation sampling was done by the relevé method following the Braun-Blanquet principles. The relevé is a list of the plants in a delimited plot of vegetation, with information on species cover and on substrate and other abiotic features in the plot. The vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.
|Study Extent||The study was done in the paramos area close to the municipality of Chia - Sabana de Bogota (Cundinamarca province) in september 1891.|
|Quality Control||The original data was taken in field books, consisting either of a valid species name or a code of the specimen with collection of it for its later taxonomical identification (when identification on the field was not possible). In total 3 releves were produced consisting of a species list with its cover, date, location, altitude, slope, etc. The data of "Sabana de Bogotá-Chia" remained in paper until 2011, when the NLBIF financed digitizing the data. The data was digitized using the software TurboVeg, which is a software design for this type of vegetation information and then exported from community data into species occurrence data. The data stored in TurboVeg was checked to identify errors in the information or gaps needed to be filled. The two main fields identified to be checked/completed were the georeference data with its precision and the validation of the taxonomy of each species.|
Method step description:
- Releve data was stored in the software TurboVeg and then exported into species occurrence data. The species list used in TurboVeg was checked by an expert to confirm the valid taxonomy (taking into account taxonomy changes, synonyms, etc). (Guido van Reenen, paramo species list. This list was cross-checked with The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/), for the period July 2011 until February 2013 (during this time frame the names where the accepted). All the dataset lacks georeference and precison information. Also there is no specific habitat indication. In 2013 to improve de dataset quality, this data was completed as detail and precise as possible, but due to time restriction no georeference was given to the data and only a general indication for the habitat type was given (paramo).
|Purpose||Purpose 1: Data in TurboVeg Purpose 2: data converted to species occurrence. Data repatriation to Colombia to be used in actual research.|